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Celebrating India's Republic Day: A Tribute to Democracy

Published : Jan 19, 2024 3 mins read

India marked its 73rd National Republic Day on January 26, 2022. The adoption of the Indian Constitution took place on November 26, 1949, with Dr. B. R. Ambedkar serving as the Chairman of the Drafting Committee. Designated as Constitution Day, this date commemorates the adoption of the Constitution. Since its enforcement on January 26, 1950, India observes Republic Day annually as a national holiday, symbolizing the country's independence from British rule.

The main commemorative event occurs at the Rajpath in New Delhi, spanning from the Rajpath to India Gate. Attended by esteemed dignitaries, including the President, Vice President, Prime Minister, state ministers, and foreign guests, the program also features the participation of selected school children. The ceremony, a graceful display of patriotism, highlights India's journey to sovereignty and the establishment of its constitution, severing ties with British rule.

What is Republic Day?

Republic Day is an ode to the Constitution of India, which came into effect on January 26, 1950, replacing the Government of India Act (1935). The Constitution laid the foundation for a democratic and secular nation, outlining the rights and duties of citizens and establishing the framework for the country's governance.

Why Republic Day?

The celebration of Republic Day is a testament to India's transition from a British colonial dominion to a sovereign, socialist, secular, and democratic republic. It symbolizes the culmination of years of struggle for freedom and self-governance, reflecting the aspirations of a nation that sought to establish a government of the people, by the people, and for the people.

Why is 26th January celebrated as Republic Day?

The choice of January 26th holds historical significance. On this day in 1930, the Indian National Congress declared Purna Swaraj, or complete independence, as its goal, marking the beginning of the end of British rule. The date was subsequently chosen to honor this declaration and commemorate the adoption of the Constitution.

Republic Day Celebrations:

The Republic Day celebrations in India are a grand spectacle, showcasing the country's unity in diversity. The main event takes place at Rajpath in New Delhi, where the President of India unfurls the national flag, and the country's military prowess is displayed in a vibrant parade. The event is attended by dignitaries, foreign guests, and thousands of citizens who gather to witness the grandeur of the occasion. The celebrations include the impressive march-past by the armed forces, colorful tableaux representing different states and union territories, and performances by school children. The air is filled with patriotic fervor as the national anthem echoes through the air, and the skies light up with the tricolor during the flypast by the Indian Air Force.

The festivities include cultural performances and parades by the armed forces, namely the Indian Air Force (IAF), the Indian Naval Forces (INF), and the Indian Army. On this significant day, awards, such as the Padma awards, are conferred upon individuals who have made noteworthy contributions to India in diverse fields like arts, education, social welfare, music, politics, science, and technology. The bravery awards, including the Ashok Chakra, Paramvir Chakra, and Vir Chakra, are bestowed upon courageous soldiers for their valorous acts on the battlefield.

Republic Day is commemorated in every school, college, and university across the country, with each district honoring India's legacy in its unique way. Educational institutions host events where teachers and students gather for cultural performances. The principal or chief guest hoists the flag, followed by the rendition of the national song and anthem. Sweets are distributed among the students, and various competitions and ceremonies are organized to impart knowledge about the sacrifices made by our forefathers for a free India. Children need to appreciate the immense effort put into drafting the Constitution, a complex document crafted to consider the well-being of all citizens in the country.

When was the 1st Republic Day celebrated?

The first Republic Day was celebrated on January 26, 1950, marking the official commencement of the Republic of India. The occasion was graced by the first President of India, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, and laid the foundation for an annual tradition that continues to resonate with the spirit of democracy and national pride.

Republic Day holds immense importance in India as it reinforces the values of justice, liberty, equality, and fraternity enshrined in the Constitution. It serves as a reminder of the sacrifices made by the freedom fighters and the responsibility of citizens to uphold the democratic ideals that form the bedrock of the nation. Republic Day in India is not just a national holiday but a celebration of the democratic principles that define the country. It is a day to reflect on the journey from colonial rule to constitutional governance and to renew our commitment to preserving the ideals that make India a vibrant and diverse democracy.

Shilpa Manwani
Shilpa Manwani
Health and Nutrition

Shilpa is an expert on food science. She enjoys writing blogs that give complete information about nutrition. She is also a foodie and loves to talk about different types of food. her extensive kno... Read More

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