WHY DO WE NEED PROTEIN:
Protein is needed to achieve the epitome of health and well-being. Historically the relevance of protein came from the bodybuilding world however its importance is relevant to all to sustain a healthy living. Proteins are the building blocks of life. The basic structure of a protein is a chain of amino acids. Protein is required in the diet to help repair cells and make new ones.
The summary view is since protein promoted better recovery and helps repair cells. It is useful and all human stages of life. Whether its illness, muscle growth, fat loss, better functioning, positive nitrogen balance, etc protein saves the day!
Higher Protein Intake Means More Muscle —and Less Fat
higher protein intake increases thermogenesis leading to fat loss
Protein is also important for growth and development in children, teens, and pregnant women
Protein is useful in illness for faster recovery
Older adults need protein for better functioning
Protein becomes much more important during events in an older adult’s life that force them into a situation of muscle disuse — a hip or knee replacement.
While the protein requirement differs for all depending upon gender, goals, medical background, etc. It’s best recommended to review requirements with a certified clinical and sports specific nutritionist .
On a separate note The Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) for protein is 0.8 grams of protein per kilogram of body weight. The RDA is the amount of a nutrient you need to meet your minimum nutritional requirements.
However in most studies higher protein intake up to 1grams to 2 grams per kg has been proved beneficial for increase in muscle mass and fat loss. Also in most cases of injury a higher protein in take is advised for faster recovery.
When it comes to protein till date there is debate on which food items yield most protein. Specially when it comes to vegetarians. More over with recent focus worldwide with the importance of protein for overall health this topic has become important than ever.
Hence lets jump right at it:
Every 100 grams of paneer contains 265 calories, 20.8 grams of fat, 1.2 grams of total carbohydrate. 18.3 grams of protein and 208 mg of calcium
One 3.5-ounce (100-gram) serving of firm, calcium-set tofu offers ( 4 ): Calories: 144. Protein: 17 grams. Carbs: 3 grams.
The nutrition facts for 3.5 ounces (100 grams) of cooked quinoa are:
● Calories: 120
● Water: 72%
● Protein: 4.4 grams
● Carbs: 21.3 grams
● Sugar: 0.9 grams
● Fiber: 2.8 grams
● Fat: 1.9 grams
100 grams of Kala Chana contains about 378 calories. Out of which, you get 20g of protein, 63g of carbs, dietary fiber constitutes 12g and total fat is about 6g.
● Calories: 269.
● Protein: 14.5 grams.
● Fat: 4 grams.
● Carbs: 45 grams.
● Fiber: 12.5 grams.
● Manganese: 74% of the Daily Value (DV)
● Folate (vitamin B9): 71% of the DV.
● Copper: 64% of the DV.
100 grams of boiled kidney beans will have:
● Calories – 127.
● Protein – 8.7 grams.
● Carbs – 22.8 grams.
● Sugar – 0.3 grams.
● Fiber – 6.4 grams.
● Fat – 0.5 grams.
● Water – 67%
PROTEIN: 24 GRAMS
FAT: 1.2 G
CARBS: 63 GRAMS
Yogurt, whole milk, plain, Greek contains 97 calories per 100 g serving. This serving contains 5 g of fat, 9 g of protein and 4 g of carbohydrate. The latter is 4 g sugar and 0 g of dietary fiber, the rest is complex carbohydrate
According to the USDA , each 100 g of almonds contains 579 calories and has the following nutritional profile:
● protein: 21.15 g.
● fat: 49.93 g.
● carbohydrate: 21.55 g.
● fiber: 12.50 g.
● sugar: 4.35 g.
Any vegetarian protein source you choose has carbs complimentary included in it. Unlike lean protein options in non veg sources which are extremely low in carbs but high in protein.
It’s imperative to be cautious even in planning food combinations when considering vegetarian sources vs non veg. Example: Chicken breast (protein) can be consumed with rice (carbs) VS Paneer or kala chana or tofu any source we chose is a combination of protein and carbs hence the better choice is to couple these options with whole wheat or gluten free chapati like jowar flour. Reason being whole wheat chapati is a protein and carb blend vs rice is only carbs. If weight loss is the goal this strategy works perfectly. Its best to consult a clinical and sports dietetics organization such as RBFWG by Rishi Bhel for planning weight loss or muscle gain goals following a vegetarian diet,
One large egg (50 grams) provides 6.3 grams of protein
A 3.5-ounce (100-gram) serving of chicken breast provides 165 calories, 31 grams of protein and 3.6 grams of fat
Selenium: 66.3 mcg
100 grams of prawns contains about 25 grams of protein, approximately the same as a similar amount of chicken or beef. Prawns are extremely low in calories. The same 100 grams of prawns contains only about 115 calories
00 G Salmon
● Total Fat 12g. 18%
● Saturated Fat 2.4g. 12%
● Cholesterol 63mg. 21%
● Sodium 61mg. 3%
● Potassium 384mg. 11%
● Total Carbohydrates 0g. 0%
● Dietary Fiber 0g. 0%
● Sugars 0g.
● Protein 22 grams
● Calories: 158.
● Protein: 22.5 grams.
● Fat: 7 grams.
● Saturated fat: 2 grams.
● Cholesterol: 73 mg.
● Carbs: 0 grams.
● Sodium: 89 mg
● Protein: 22.5 grams
Red meat sources are also high in protein. However it should be avoided research has shown that regularly eating red meat and processed meat can raise the risk of type 2 diabetes, coronary heart disease, stroke and certain cancers, especially colorectal cancer
Protein can not only help body builders but any human preserve natural muscle mass needed to preserve life longevity
Protein is the bible of muscle food. As you age you need more protein
A number of studies suggest that replacing high fat meats with more heart healthy proteins like fish, beans, poultry, nuts, and low fat dairy might help prevent heart disease.
Both men and women have different protein intake requirement depending upon age and activity levels. Most expert recommend between 1.2 grams per kg of body weight.
Nitrogen balance and protein requirements for critically ill patients:
If more nitrogen (protein) is given to the patient than lost, the patient is considered to be anabolic or “in positive nitrogen balance”
This is the optimal state for muscle growth—where the nitrogen intake is greater than nitrogen output. Essentially, it shows the body has sufficiently recovered
A protein deficit can also take its toll on the immune system. Impaired immune function may increase the risk or severity of infections, a common symptom of severe protein deficiency
Overall protein has a magnitude of benefits and serves the purpose of achieving overall good health. Anybody who is active and wants to live a life that has less diseases since protein equips the body to recover faster. Anybody who wants to build more muscle, focus on strength and fat loss protein is your best bet!
Regardless of your age and gender, make sure you consume adequate protein to lead a healthy life. Yet like the saying goes, don’t overdo anything and stick to guidelines
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