How Carnitine Deficiency Causes Hypoglycemia

Published : Jul 28, 2021
  • 0 mins read
  • Updated On : Jul 20, 2022

    Carnitine is amino acid that is present in each and every cell in the body. It plays a crucial role right from energy production to burning fat as source of energy and boosting metabolism.

    Before we jump to details specific to how Carnitine deficiency results in Hypoglycemia, lets understand details about Carnitine function, the food rich in Carnitine, causes and symptoms.


    Carnitine has 2 important functions in the body.

    Carnitine helps to transport long chain fatty acids to mitochondria where it is oxidized or burn to ATP (Adenosine Triphosphate) or Energy. This process helps to burn fat and supports lean muscle mass and toned body.

    L-Carnitine also helps to transport toxic and waste materials out of Mitochondria, thereby preventing unwanted and wastage build up in the cells.

    Food Source

    All major food source of L-Carnitine include:

    • Beef
    • Milk
    • Chicken
    • Cheese

    Plant based or Non- Animal sources include whole-wheat bread and asparagus.

    Cause for Carnitine deficiency

    • Inadequate intake
    • Inability to metabolize Carnitine
    • Decreases synthesis with Liver disorder
    • Increased requirement

    Symptoms of Carnitine deficiency

    Common symptoms of Carnitine deficiency includes:

    • Muscle aches
    • Fatigue
    • Confusion
    • Inability to decrease fat
    • Hypoglycemia
    • Fatty liver

    Before we jump to role of L-Carnitine in Hypoglycemia, it is important to understand we understand Hypoglycemia.

    Hypoglycemia is a condition in which the blood sugar levels (glucose) is lower than the normal. Glucose is the key source of energy for the body.

    How Carnitine results in Hypoglycemia?

    The most important role of Carnitine is to help the transport of long chain fatty acids to mitochondria where is it oxidized to energy. In case of Carnitine Deficiency, the fatty acids is not utilized, glucose is consumed without regeneration via gluconeogenesis, resulting in Hypoglycemia.

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    Jenil Shah
    Nutrition Supplement Geek

    Jenil completed his graduation in Biotechnology and masters in Nutraceuticals. He has a 3.5+ years of experience in various sectors including nutrition supplements, content writing and nutrition wr... Read More

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